Waterhemp (Amaranthus tuberculatus), a summer annual weed from the pigweed family, has become a significant concern for soybean fields throughout the Midwest. Its rapid growth rate, high seed production, and resistance to multiple herbicide classes make it a formidable foe. A single Waterhemp plant can produce up to a million seeds.
According to the University of Missouri Extension, even a moderate Waterhemp infestation can slash soybean yields by 44%.
Waterhemp impacts soybean plants in several significant ways:
1. Resource Competition: As a highly competitive weed, Waterhemp vies with soybean plants for water, nutrients, and sunlight. This competition can stunt growth and reduce yields in soybean plants.
2. Harvesting Interference: Mature Waterhemp plants can disrupt combine operation during soybean harvest, leading to increased harvest time and cost.
3. Herbicide Resistance: Waterhemp's resistance to multiple classes of herbicides complicates its control. This resistance can lead to increased herbicide use, resulting in higher production costs and potential environmental impacts.
This post will outline:
How to identify Waterhemp
Geographic impact of Waterhemp
Timing of Waterhemp
How to manage Waterhemp in soybeans
Waterhemp, a tall, erect, branching plant, can reach heights of up to 8 feet. It boasts long, narrow leaves that are typically smooth and shiny. The stems, hairless and varying in color from green to red, support small, green flowers found on long, slender spikes at the top of the plant and in the leaf axils.
While Waterhemp seedlings may be challenging to distinguish from other pigweed species, mature plants reveal distinct characteristics. The absence of hair on the stem and leaves, longer and narrower leaves, and more prolific branching differentiate Waterhemp from its pigweed relatives.
Native to the Midwest, Waterhemp has expanded its reach to other parts of the United States and Canada. It is commonly found in corn and soybean fields, pastures, and roadsides.
Unlike other weeds, Waterhemp typically emerges later in the growing season, from late spring through mid-summer, posing a threat throughout the entire growing season.
Accurate identification, understanding its impact, and implementing effective management strategies are paramount in controlling this persistent weed.
To manage Waterhemp in soybeans, consider these products:
Following the instructions provided on the labels ensures proper and effective use of these products.
There are also non-chemical approaches to managing this weed. Research at the University of Wisconsin-Madison indicates that narrow row spacing in soybeans helps reduce Waterhemp issues. Combining this method with effective herbicides provides integrated management.
Proactively scouting for and responding to weeds in your fields will help reduce potential crop damage and improve yield. FBN has a wide variety of effective herbicides to help address agronomic pressures and keep your operation on track.
With transparent pricing, straightforward online ordering, detailed product labels, and fast direct-to-farm delivery, FBN can help you get the products you need to protect your crops.
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